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The George Orwell Archive is the most comprehensive body of research material relating to the author George Orwell (Eric Blair) (1903-1950) anywhere. Manuscripts, notebooks and personalia of George Orwell were presented in 1960 on permanent loan by his widow on behalf of the George Orwell Archive Trust, supplemented by donations and purchases. The aim of the Trustees of the Archive was to make a research centre for Orwell studies, by bringing together all [Orwell's] printed works, including newspaper items; private correspondence; other private papers in the possession of his widow; printed matter other than his own which will help later generations to understand the controversies in which he was involved; and tape recordings or written statements by all with first hand experience of him of any consequence.
A selection of material from the archive is available to view via the search and browse options above. In its entirety, the archive includes:
The Archive's collection of manuscripts includes literary notebooks, political diaries, domestic diaries, radio scripts (copies lent by the BBC) and manuscript and typescript material (Researchers should note that due to the fragile nature of some originals, access is limited to the microfilm version wherever possible)
2. Personal papers
Two boxes of personal papers contain material such as birth certificates, Orwell's driving licence and family letters, Orwell's identification card and other papers relating to Spain and Morocco
The Archive holds original letters, and copies of letters possessed by Orwell's correspondents or in other collections. Correspondents include T.S.Eliot, Arthur Koestler, Emma Goldman, Herman Gollancz and George Woodcock. From time to time Orwell letters do turn up; some are acquired by the Archive, which also attempts to keep a note of all such new locations.
4. Original background material
This section contains material from other sources which shed light on some aspect of Orwell's life. It includes papers relating to the various organisations with which Orwell was linked, letters about Orwell (both contemporary and posthumous) and a collection of personal reminiscences and interviews with people who knew Orwell
5. Articles by Orwell
The Archive has a collection of almost all Orwell's known published articles, in photocopy and in microfiche form. They are classified by the title of the journal, newspaper or other publication in which they appeared.
6. Printed books
There are around 2,000 volumes in the printed book collection, including Orwell's own library. The Archive has a strong collection of proof copies, significant editions, translations of Orwell's works and critical and background books. There is a classified catalogue for this section. All post-1982 additions are traceable on the Library's on-line system eUCLid.
7. Reviews and articles
The Archive attempts to collect all major articles on Orwell and his writings, in both photocopy and microfiche form. However, there is no systematic monitoring of such items, and the Archive is largely dependent on donations. A numbered list and author index exists for this collection, classified according to the specific work by Orwell or aspect of his life.
8. Audio-visual material
The Archive has a collection of around 200 photographs, and also video tapes of film and television productions, in some cases accompanied by scripts. There is a classified card index for this collection.
Please refer to our Special Collections web pages for information about how to access material from the archive.